The 20 Biggest UK Companies by Market Cap

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and to maintain their competitive advantage. Trading volatile financial markets with UK Biggest Companies can be challenging, even for experienced traders. In addition to the online educational resources available, traders should consider the platform offered by UK Biggest Companies to ensure a successful trading experience. Rio Tinto is an Anglo-Australian mining organisation with its head office in London. It is one of the world’s biggest valuable metals extractors and refiners, and they produce gold, iron, aluminium and the likes.

  • All of the largest UK companies are constituents of the FTSE 100 – which tracks the top 100 stocks on the London Stock Exchange.
  • Trading volatile financial markets with UK Biggest Companies can be challenging, even for experienced traders.
  • It expects to spend around $9.8 billion over the lifetime of the field through 2051, including operations and decommissioning, with the bulk going to British firms.
  • Read on to discover the top 20 largest UK companies by market cap and how you can get involved in spread betting or trading CFDs on their share prices.

As well as the LSE, it is listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and NYSE, as well as being a constituent of the Hang Seng index. The FTSE 100, which measures the success of the country’s 100 ai companies to invest in biggest businesses based on market capitalisation, is the most significant stock index in the United Kingdom. The top ten businesses in the index as of April 2023 were a diverse bunch.

Largest companies in the United Kingdom based on revenue 2022

Of the 2.05 million corporate businesses, 46.0% are single-employee limited companies. The largest number of these are in the professional, scientific and technical industry, carrying out management consultancy activities. However, in 2021 the number of these management consultancy businesses decreased by 6.4%. The number of VAT and/or PAYE businesses in the UK as of March 2021 increased to 2.77 million, an increase of 0.6% from March 2020. This divergence is likely because of business support schemes preventing business deaths. National Grid is the UK’s largest energy business and is in charge of running the country’s power and gas networks.

  • NatWest Group, standing for National Westminster, previously known as The Royal Bank of Scotland and RBS, is a private, and partly publicly-owned, banking, and insurance holding company.
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  • In recent financial years, GlaxoSmithKline reported increases in total operating profit, which can be attributed to its decline in operating expenses.

The United Kingdom has one of the world’s largest economies and is home to many large-cap companies. All stock traders, especially those in the UK, should be aware of the biggest businesses headquartered there. These businesses have had far-reaching influence both within and outside of the UK. Paying attention to the leaders of these corporations and analysing the price movements of their respective stocks can help traders gauge the health of the UK economy. This, in turn, can help traders use their operational expertise to comprehend the markets better and generate trading ideas for themselves.

The company was formed in 1999 through the merger of two existing pharmaceutical companies and has since expanded to acquire other businesses, such as MedImmune, Spirogen and Definiens. AstraZeneca focuses on areas of healthcare such as cancer research, respiratory and Forex expert advisor autoimmune diseases, and neuroscience. It has secondary listings on other exchanges including the NASDAQ OMX, Bombay Stock Exchange NASDAQ in New York. The UK’s economy is currently the sixth largest in the world – behind the US, China, Japan, Germany and India.

British American Tobacco (LSE:BATS)

Standard Chartered PLC is a multinational banking and financial services company. Tracing its origins to the 19th century, Standard Chartered operates in consumer, corporate and institutional banking and treasury services in more than 70 countries. It is currently one of the top 20 largest businesses in the United Kingdom by market capitalisation and one of the major global public energy organisations.

London Stock Exchange Group plc

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Royal Dutch Shell has three listings on the LSE, Euronext Amsterdam and NYSE. GlaxoSmithKline is one of the world’s largest pharmaceutical companies, established in 2000 from the merger of four other healthcare businesses. Self-described as a science-led company, GSK is involved in the research, development and manufacturing of medicines and vaccines, as well as consumer goods for the industry. The company focuses on HIV, respiratory diseases, oncology and immunology. Several of GSK’s products are listed on the WHO’s List of Essential Medicines, such as amoxicillin and mercaptopurine.

The company was founded in 1999 by the merger of two companies that originally date back to as early as 1814. The company is headquartered in Slough and operates in 60 countries, selling its products in almost 200 countries. 2020 was a challenging year for the oil and gas industries, as global demand for oil fell due to restrictions on travel and industrial activity. The company has been at the centre of several major environmental incidents, including the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. As a result, BP is now expanding its renewable energy interests in biofuels, wind power and solar technology, so this may be a company to look out for, given the increasing demand for renewable energy sources.

They distribute electricity to around 3.8 million locations in Scotland and southern England and manage high voltage transmission systems in northern Scotland. Additionally, SSE plc produces and supplies gas and engages in utility contracting, telecommunications, energy trading, insurance, and property businesses. You can use a spread betting or CFD account to trade on the biggest companies in the United Kingdom.

HSBC Holdings (£128.40 billion)

Read on to discover which UK listed companies are dominating their industries, making waves on a global scale, and offering incredible opportunities for those who are paying attention. Market capitalisation, which is calculated by multiplying a company’s share price by the number of shares in circulation, is not the only gauge of a company’s size and health. Revenue, or sales, is another useful measure, and this can lead to a different assessment from considering market capitalisation alone.

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Like the other big companies discussed here, BP is traded on multiple exchanges, including the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. In 2013, BP acquired a roughly 20% share in Rosneft, the Russian energy colossus. Asset management and personal banking generate the majority of the company’s revenues and serve over 50 million clients globally. These companies are traded on the London Stock Exchange and included in the FTSE100, an index of the top 100 UK companies as measured by market capitalisation.

HSBC shares are traded on both the London and Hong Kong stock exchanges, with subsidiary listings on the NYSE and the Bermuda Stock Exchange. HSBC is the UK’s most valuable bank by market capitalisation and Europe’s largest bank by assets. Initially located in Hong Kong (and known as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Company), HSBC has been headquartered in London since 1991.